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How to invalidate a submerged land tax sale of contiguous platted property

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How to Invalidate a Submerged Land Tax Sale of Contiguous Platted Property

If you are seeking guidance on invalidating a submerged land tax sale of contiguous platted property, "How to Invalidate a Submerged Land Tax Sale of Contiguous Platted Property" offers comprehensive and practical advice. This resource equips you with the necessary knowledge and steps to challenge such a sale effectively.

Positive Aspects:

  1. Comprehensive Coverage:

    • The guide covers all essential aspects of invalidating a submerged land tax sale.
    • It provides a step-by-step approach to ensure you understand the process thoroughly.
  2. Easy-to-Understand Language:

    • The content is written in a simple and easy-to-understand style.
    • The information is presented clearly, avoiding complex legal jargon.
  3. Expert Guidance:

    • The guide is authored by legal experts specializing in property law.
    • Their expertise ensures accurate and reliable information to support your case.
  4. Checklists and Lists:

    • The resource includes checklists to help you organize and keep track of the required documentation and steps.
    • Lists summarize key points, ensuring you don't miss any crucial details.


  1. Clarity on Invalidating Submerged Land Tax Sales:

197.131 Correction of erroneous assessments. —Any tax collector who discovers an erroneous assessment shall notify the property appraiser.

What is the Submerged Land Act in Florida?

Summary of the Law:

The Submerged Lands Act (SLA) (43 U.S.C. §§ 1301 et seq.) grants coastal states title to natural resources located within their coastal submerged lands out to three miles from their coastlines (three marine leagues for Texas and Florida's Gulf of Mexico coastlines).

What is the statute 197.3181 in Florida?

Section 197.3181(4), F.S., provides a property owner who fails to file an application by the deadline waives a claim for a refund of taxes under this section.

What are the littoral rights in Florida?

Public Beaches and Littoral Rights

These rights are: The right to have access to the water. The right to reasonably use the water. The right to accretion and reliction.

What is the Florida statute 464?

464: Nursing. Chapter 464, part I, contains Florida's Nurse Practice Act. The laws contained in it provide safe parameters within which to work, as well as provisions intended to protect patients from unprofessional and unsafe nursing practice.

What does split parcel mean in real estate?

If you sell or purchase land. from someone and their existing parcel is not conveyed in its entirety (meaning the seller kept some of the land), it is considered a split parcel. When a parcel is split, new parcel records are then created by the Real Property Lister.

How much does it cost to split a parcel of land in California?

The SpendOnHome.com post "How Much Does it Cost to Subdivide a Land?" notes that on average, land owners should "prepare to spend $2,000 to $23,000 to cover just the subdivision fees to be paid to the local authorities."

Frequently Asked Questions

What does it mean when a property has multiple parcels?

Related Definitions

Multiple parcel building means a building, other than a building consisting entirely of a single condominium, timeshare, or cooperative, which contains separate parcels that are vertically located, in whole or in part, on or over the same land.

What is the formula for operating expenses in real estate?

In real estate, the operating expense ratio (OER) is a measurement of the cost to operate a piece of property, compared to the income brought in by the property. It is calculated by dividing a property's operating expense (minus depreciation) by its gross operating income.

What is the accounting for expense reimbursement?

Add the expense and reimbursement to your accounting records. You may choose to add the reimbursement as a short-term loan so that it disappears from your books after the client pays it. Another option is to list your original payment under expenses and the repayment from the client under revenue or income.

How do you calculate land value?

Depreciated Cost / Residual Approaches: Estimate overall property value using a comparable sales / hedonic approach, subtract cost of building the structure as if it were new, add estimate of depreciation. Leftover is land value.

What are the risks of land acquisition?

Some of the common risks in land acquisition are zoning and regulatory issues, environmental and geotechnical issues, title and legal issues, and market and financial issues.

What is the land assemblage strategy?

Assemblage in real estate is a process. In this process, two or more parcels of land will be combined into one large parcel. In many cases, the price placed on the new larger parcel will increase from that of the parcels' individual prices combined.

How do you calculate the value of an acre of land?

At first glance, how to calculate price per acre (PPA) is a relatively simple equation. It is the value of your property (v) divided by the number of acres (a). So, v ÷ a = PPA. You don't have to worry about squaring the measurement, because an acre is already considered to be a squared number.

How long do you have to keep real estate files in Florida?

5 years

Each broker shall preserve at least one legible copy of all books, accounts, and records pertaining to her or his real estate brokerage business for at least 5 years from the date of receipt of any money, fund, deposit, check, or draft entrusted to the broker or, in the event no funds are entrusted to the broker, for

How long must all records be kept in Florida?

Three years

¶61-260, Record-Keeping Requirements

Usually, this time is three years. If a taxpayer makes a substantial underpayment of tax or files a substantially incorrect return, however, the time period is six years.

How long should you keep legal documents?

To be on the safe side, McBride says to keep all tax records for at least seven years. Keep forever. Records such as birth and death certificates, marriage licenses, divorce decrees, Social Security cards, and military discharge papers should be kept indefinitely.

How long do you have to keep customer contracts?

All contracts, related memoranda, and revisions should be retained for 4 years after expiration or until the conclusion of any contract disputes pertaining to such contracts, whichever is later. For same period as contract to which they relate.

How long should you keep documents relating to the purchase of real estate?

Seven years

Real estate sale documents should be kept for at least seven years after the date of the sale. I keep my documents forever in the cloud.


What is combining parcels of land called?

Hear this out loudPauseArticle Talk. Plottage is the increase in value realized by combining adjacent parcels of land into one larger parcel. The process of combining the parcels is known as assemblage.

What is combining two or more parcels of real property under one loan called?

Hear this out loudPauseA blanket mortgage helps streamline the process of buying multiple properties at once. A blanket mortgage is often used by experienced real estate investors or developers in both the commercial and residential real estate arenas.

What is combining two or more parcels to create greater property value?

Hear this out loudPauseAssemblage. Assemblage is the process of combining two or more parcels of land to form a larger parcel. Plottage value is the result of combining the parcel to make a larger more valuable property.

When no two parcels of real property are exactly the same?

Hear this out loudPauseThe answer is NONHOMOGENEITY. Uniqueness, or nonhomogeneity, is the concept that no two parcels of property are exactly the same or in the same location. The characteristics of each property, no matter how small, differ from those of every other. An individual parcel has no substitute because each is unique.

What are the advantages of triplex?

A triplex is a multi-unit building with three separate dwellings. It offers advantages such as rental income and flexibility for remodeling. Also, it provides an affordable option for debt reduction or saving for a home.

Is A triplex a good investment?
Triplexes are ideal for residential real estate investors who want higher rental income and less risk of having no rent to cover costs during tenant turnover. Triplexes can be owner-occupied, with the other two rents covering property expenses or strictly for investment.

What is difference between duplex and triplex?

To qualify as a duplex, each unit must have a separate entrance, kitchen, bathroom, and utility meters. Each unit has the same amenities you'd find in a typical single-family home. By extension, a triplex is a building with three separate living units and a fourplex or a quadplex has four separate living units.

What is a triplex house?

A triplex house is a multi family real estate which has 3 floors combined into one. Typically, in a triplex house all the units share one common wall. In a triplex house each floor or each unit has a separate kitchen, bathroom, living room, etc.

What are the disadvantages of a triplex?

Drawbacks. A triplex is usually more costly than a duplex or a single-family house. A triplex apartment can be more challenging to sell because there are likely to be multiple tenants with varying lease expiration dates. Living so close to tenants might be stressful for landlords.

What is an example of an expense stop?

Suppose that a tenant signs a lease in an office building for 5,000 square feet of space. The base rental amount is $10 per square foot. In year one of the lease, the landlord pays for all of the building operating expenses and the total comes out to $10,000. This is the base year expense stop amount.

What does an expense stop do in a lease?

A mechanism in a Full Service Gross Lease, the Expense Stop is a fixed amount of operating expense above which the tenant is responsible to pay. Thus, the landlord is responsible to pay for all operating expenses below the Expense Stop, while the tenant is responsible for any amount above the Expense Stop.

What are expense reimbursements for property?

In a lease, an expense reimbursement clause stipulates that some or all of the operating expenses paid by the landlord are recoverable (reimbursables) from the tenant; also called expense recoveries, reimbursables, billables or pass-throughs.

How to invalidate a submerged land tax sale of contiguous platted property

What is the difference between expense stop and cam?

In a full service gross lease, the tenant pays a base rental rate, and landlord is typically responsible for paying any additional expenses (such as CAM fees), except for those that go above a specific amount, called an expense stop.

Which three examples of spending are considered fixed expenses?

Fixed expense examples

Rent or mortgage payments. Car payments. Insurance premiums (auto, home, renters, health, dental, life, etc.) Subscriptions and memberships (streaming services, meal kits, fitness memberships, etc.)

What are non reimbursable expenses in real estate?

Reimbursable costs are initially borne by the landlord, but the landlord expects full reimbursement for these expenses (typically all property taxes and Common Area Maintenance costs for occupied space). Non-Reimbursable costs typically include insurance, utilities, and managerial services.

What should reimbursements be recorded as?

Record Reimbursed Expenses as Revenue.

Which expenses can be reimbursed?

To reimburse expenses, employees must also provide a clear business reason or justification for the expense. For example, common reimbursed expenses include: Travel expenses: business travel expenses can encompass flights, rail tickets, car rentals, hotels, visas, and even vaccines depending on the travel requirements.

What expense reimbursements are taxable? Non-accountable plan reimbursements will require paying income taxes, FICA taxes, and unemployment taxes. Essentially reimbursements under a non-accountable plan are wages, and need to be recorded on the employee's W-2.

What is pass through in real estate?

Pass through is simply a feature of a deposit that directs escrow to release all or part of the deposit to the seller prior to close of escrow. The release is usually triggered by either 1) completing a specified task or 2) reaching a milestone date or event in the purchase schedule.

What is pass through rental income?

Summary of Real Estate Pass-Through

This structure avoids the double taxation of a corporation. Some transactions also include properties with “pass through leases.” These are net leases where the tenant is required to pay a base rent plus some amount of the property's operating expenses.

What is the difference between a cam and a pass through? CAM expenses are a subcategory of pass through expenses that include the repair, maintenance, and operation of common areas, i.e. areas of a building used by all tenants, including corridors and lobbies, elevators, parking lots, and landscaping.

How do you calculate percentage breakpoint for rent?

The Natural Breakpoint is the minimum annual base rent divided by the percentage rent. For example, if the minimum annual base rent is $100,000 per year and the percentage rent is 5%, then the Natural Breakpoint is $2,000,000.

How does a pass through work?

A pass-through business is a sole proprietorship, partnership, or S corporation that is not subject to the corporate income tax; instead, this business reports its income on the individual income tax returns of the owners and is taxed at individual income tax rates.

  • What is the difference between base year stop and stop amount?
    • A Base Year Stop is actually a certain type of Expense Stop. The difference between an Expense Stop and a Base Year Stop is that an Expense Stop's value is a predetermined dollar amount, whereas a Base Year Stop is calculated on a calendar year basis or the first 12 months of a tenant's occupancy.

  • What does business interruption insurance cover?
    • Business interruption: While commercial property pays for actual physical damages or losses, BI covers lost net income due to the closure of the business while repairs are underway. These policies may cover rent or lease payments, relocation costs, employee wages, taxes, and loan payments.

  • What is a CCP insurance policy?
    • Key Takeaways. Commercial package policies (CPPs) are insurance policies that combine policies, such as liability and property. These policies are often meant for small- to medium-sized businesses. CCPs can include general liability, property, auto, and crime policies, among others.

  • How to read a commercial property insurance policy?
    • Start with the declarations, which is always the first chapter. Here, you should search for who is insured by the commercial policy, the risks covered, the limits of the policy and the dates of coverage. You will also see the insurance firm's full identity, and then the form numbers and endorsements.

  • What is an example of a base year stop?
    • Suppose that a tenant signs a lease in an office building for 5,000 square feet of space. The base rental amount is $10 per square foot. In year one of the lease, the landlord pays for all of the building operating expenses and the total comes out to $10,000. This is the base year expense stop amount.

  • What are pass-throughs in commercial real estate?
    • These are property costs that landlords pass on to tenants who occupy a commercial real estate property. A simple way to think of pass-throughs is to consider them as any expenses required to operate a property that are not the base rent.

  • What is the purpose of a pass-through provision in a lease?
    • A 'pass-through' is a surcharge on top of the rent which allows the landlord to recover certain operating expenses and capital expenditures that are incurred as part of owning and operating residential rental property.

  • What do pass-throughs refer to?
    • an arrangement in which a financial organization buys loans from a bank and sells bonds representing these loans to investors. The payments on the loans are then used to pay interest to the investors and pay back the bonds: A trader of 30-year pass-throughs said volume for the day at his firm was about $50 million.

  • Can you combine two pieces of property?
    • When you want to combine two or more pieces of land to create a larger property, you're essentially looking to create a land assembly. Think of it as buying multiple sites with potentially different zoning rights and merging them into an ideal parcel for a specific property development project.

  • What is the difference between a parcel tax and a property tax?
    • Like the property tax, a parcel tax is imposed on parcels of real property. Unlike the property tax, however, a parcel tax is not based on the value of real property. The simplest parcel tax is a flat tax, a tax that does not vary with the size, improvements, or use of a parcel.

  • What is it called when you combine two lots?
    • Assemblage generally happens when a developer wants to build a high-density project, such as a skyscraper, that requires a large amount of land. It may also occur in a more general situation, when a developer wants to build a project in a specific location and the only way to do so is by acquiring multiple properties.

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